Category Archive : Bitcoin

GMO Quits Selling Mining Machines After Crypto Market Downturn

Japanese IT giant GMO Internet plans to stop making and selling crypto mining machines, only months after launching its B3 miner.

Investment Robo-Adviser Wealthfront Adds Support for Coinbase Accounts

Investment Robo-Adviser Wealthfront Adds Support for Coinbase Accounts

Wealthfront, one of the largest independent robo-advisers in the U.S. market, has added support for Coinbase accounts. The Wealthfront team explained that high customer demand was the reason for incorporating the new feature, stating: “We’re especially excited because this has been one of our clients’ most requested features.”

Also Read: Bitcoin Private (BTCP) Bug Exploited by ‘Bad Actor’

Wealthfront Adds Coinbase Support

Investment Robo-Adviser Wealthfront Adds Support for Coinbase AccountsWealthfront Advisers LLC (formerly known as Wealthfront Inc.) is a Redwood City, California-based robo-adviser providing automated, software-based portfolio management services, which was established in 2008. The company has recently announced that its users can now track holdings of cryptocurrency for the first time by connecting their accounts with the Coinbase exchange to the automated investment service.

“You have always been able to connect a wide variety of account types and asset classes to our Path advice engine — from bank and brokerage accounts to real estate, mortgages, and student loans. But we know many of you like to dabble in other innovative financial products, like cryptocurrencies. So now, we make it possible for you to add information about your cryptocurrency holdings in your Coinbase account to Wealthfront to get a more holistic view of your financial picture. And even more importantly, we factor that information into your free financial plan,” the Wealthfront team stated.

Over $11 Billion in Managed Assets

Investment Robo-Adviser Wealthfront Adds Support for Coinbase AccountsThe Wealthfront robo-adviser has over $11 billion in client assets under management, according to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), making it one of the largest independent robo-advisers in the U.S. market. The company has reportedly raised a total funding of $65.5 million since its creation, from backers such as Benchmark Capital, DAG Ventures, Index Ventures, Ribbit Capital, Benchmark Capital, Marc Andreessen, Ben Horowitz and Jeff Jordan.

On Friday, the SEC announced it had found that Wealthfront made false statements about a tax-loss harvesting strategy it offered to clients, claiming to monitor accounts for transactions that might trigger a wash sale, but failed to do so. It also found that Wealthfront “improperly re-tweeted prohibited client testimonials, paid bloggers for client referrals without the required disclosure and documentation, and failed to maintain a compliance program reasonably designed to prevent violations of the securities laws.” Without admitting or denying the SEC’s findings, the company agreed to pay a $250,000 penalty.

Have you integrated your Coinbase account with Wealthfront? Share your experience in the comments section below.

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Verify and track bitcoin cash transactions on our BCH Block Explorer, the best of its kind anywhere in the world. Also, keep up with your holdings, BCH and other coins, on our market charts at Satoshi’s Pulse, another original and free service from

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Crypto Is Down, So Why Am I Smiling?

One of the cryptographers most often cited in Satoshi Nakamoto’s white paper has reason to think the industry’s future is bright.

Report: Use of Cryptocurrencies for Remittance Is Growing in Popularity

A new report by a blockchain-focused research company asserts that there has been a spike in people using cryptocurrencies to send remittances. This growth is in part due to the high costs incurred when using more traditional methods such as Paypal. 

Also read: Seven Cryptocurrency Trends to Look out for in 2019

Easier, Cheaper, Faster

The value of remittances being sent overseas from the U.S. is greater than ever. World Bank Data states that over $148 billion was sent abroad from the U.S. in 2017. With an increasingly interconnected world seeing more people than ever moving abroad to work – and send money back home – migrants are looking for easier ways to cut costs and avoid getting ripped off by banks and other middlemen. One effective way of doing so is of course with cryptocurrency. Blockchain research company Clovr has said in its latest report that this new method has become more popular than ever.

The report, named Sending Money Back Home, reveals that of to the 707 people surveyed, 15.8 percent use cryptocurrency to send cash home. This makes it one of the more popular methods, ranking in fourth place after using an online service, money transfer service, or traditional wire transfer. Report: Use of Cryptocurrencies for Remittance Is Growing in Popularity

According to the report, the use of cryptocurrencies is in part due to the high costs associated with using traditional methods of sending money abroad such as Western Union or Moneygram. When money is sent to countries within Africa with these methods, “super-taxes” are often occurred – especially when sending money within the continent. A remittance going from South Africa to Malawi could see fees upwards of 20 percent, for example. Cryptocurrency can minimize such costs. The report notes:

If some of the largest companies in the world, like Microsoft and Starbucks, are comfortable accepting cryptocurrencies as a form of payment, this should instil confidence in using these new forms of payment for sending remittances

There is no doubt that using cryptocurrency to send money abroad can save money, as the report demonstrates by looking at the cost of sending $500 abroad. Banks on average would charge 10.41 percent for such a transaction while a post office could set someone back $34. Using bitcoin core (BTC) or bitcoin cash (BCH) to get money overseas could actually see the sender make money. The report states: “By avoiding the high transaction fees and conversion rates typically associated with transferring funds abroad, you can take a few extra steps (including converting the government-issued currency into cryptocurrency and then back again), potentially getting significant savings.”

Breaking Down The Figures

The report added that men were more likely to have used cryptocurrencies for international transfers than women, and of those interviewed, 85 percent were satisfied with using it as a sending method. The report also revealed that those who weren’t onboard with cryptocurrencies were skeptical because of their lack of knowledge of how they work.

Report: Use of Cryptocurrencies for Remittance Is Growing in Popularity

Of the 707 people surveyed by Clovr, most of the remittances were headed to Mexico, followed by China, India and the Philippines. The most important reason for sending cash was so family members could buy food, according to the report, with 41 percent of it being spent to ensure the recipient wouldn’t go hungry.

When governments wreck a country’s economy – as seen in Venezuela – it makes sense for those who have fled their homes to find work abroad and then send funds using bitcoin. As already seen, people from Venezuela are using cryptocurrency to their advantage in order to send money to the cash-strapped South American nation. With the number of remittances increasing, more people are set to learn of the cost-cutting advantages and ease of using cryptocurrency to send money home to loved ones.

What is your opinion on the report and on using crypto to send remittances? Share your thoughts on the subject in the comments section below.

Images courtesy of Shutterstock and Clovr.

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Indian Crypto Exchange Sees Record Trading Volumes Amid Regulatory Uncertainty

Indian Crypto Exchange Sees Record Trading Volumes Amid Regulatory Uncertainty

Despite regulatory uncertainty and banking restriction imposed by the country’s central bank, an Indian cryptocurrency exchange is seeing record trading volumes every month. The CEO of Wazirx told that the recent uptick in crypto prices has prompted a lot of Indians to start trading again.

Also read: Indian Supreme Court Moves Crypto Hearing, Community Calls for Positive Regulations

Record Trading Volumes

Indian Crypto Exchange Sees Record Trading Volumes Amid Regulatory UncertaintyIndian cryptocurrency exchange Wazirx is seeing record trading volumes despite a number of conditions that dampen trader sentiment such as the crypto banking ban imposed by the country’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

The exchange’s CEO, Nischal Shetty, told on Monday that “In a flat market coupled with banking restriction,” there is little motivation for Indians to trade cryptocurrencies. However, he elaborated:

The recent uptick in the crypto prices has gotten a lot of Indians trading again … whenever there’s volatility people forget the problems and start trading. That’s exactly the reason why we’re seeing our volumes shooting up so fast.

Indian Crypto Exchange Sees Record Trading Volumes Amid Regulatory UncertaintyThe RBI issued a circular in April banning financial institutions under its control from providing services to crypto companies. Responding to the banking restriction, Wazirx launched an exchange-escrowed peer-to-peer (P2P) platform in July, with Shetty repeatedly saying that the response to this service has been “tremendous.”

He further shared that his exchange has been “hitting new peaks in volume every month,” adding that this month it surpassed 200 BTC in daily trading volume for the first time. “200 BTC in 24 hours was our record high and the highest by any exchange in India right now,” he claimed. Noting that this record high was achieved within nine months of launching his exchange and during a bear market, he concluded:

Considering the banking restriction in place, this is great news for the Indian crypto sector.

On Localbitcoins, the number of BTC traded in INR has also been growing, with 302 BTC traded in the week of Dec. 22 as well as in the previous week.

Indian Crypto Exchange Sees Record Trading Volumes Amid Regulatory Uncertainty

Regulatory Uncertainty

Indian Crypto Exchange Sees Record Trading Volumes Amid Regulatory Uncertainty
Subhash Chandra Garg

The Indian government is expected to finalize the regulatory framework for cryptocurrencies in the near future. The panel, tasked with providing recommendations regarding crypto regulatory measures, has reportedly submitted its report to the government. This panel is headed by Subhash Chandra Garg, the country’s Economic Affairs Secretary.

Commenting on the upcoming crypto regulatory framework, Shetty told, “I have to remain optimistic,” noting:

I believe in our government, that they’ll listen to our voices. I’ve been running a Twitter campaign and it’s gaining traction amongst Indian crypto users. As the campaign grows it’ll be harder to ignore.

The CEO started his Twitter campaign on Oct. 31, calling for positive regulations for the Indian crypto space. Meanwhile, the country’s supreme court is set to hear the petitions against the RBI ban in January.

What do you think of the crypto ecosystem in India? Let us know in the comments section below.

Images courtesy of Shutterstock, Twitter, and

Need to calculate your bitcoin holdings? Check our tools section.

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Bitcoin Obituaries Records 90 ‘Deaths’ in 2018

Bitcoin Obituaries Records 90 'Deaths' in 2018

According to the Bitcoin Obituaries webpage, the cryptocurrency ‘died’ 90 times in 2018. Since the inception of Satoshi’s great invention, almost a decade ago, economists and financial news publications have informed the public that bitcoin has passed away a grand total of 336 times.

Also read: Year in Review: 2018’s Top Cryptocurrency Stories

Dead Currencies Have ‘No Chance of Success’

Ever since the general public started hearing about cryptocurrencies, many financial bigwigs, well known pundits, Keynesian economists, and Wall Street executives have explained in great detail how Bitcoin has ‘died’. This has occurred on numerous occasions over the years. Mainstream media outlets have also stated time and again that Bitcoin was officially deceased. The Bitcoin Obituaries webpage hosted on the site 99 Bitcoins has around 336 recorded bitcoin ‘deaths’ over the years. 2018 has claimed 90 of those deaths during a spell when the crypto-economy was extremely bearish all year long.

Bitcoin Obituaries Records 90 'Deaths' in 2018

One would think that because cryptocurrency markets did so well in 2017 there would be fewer deaths declared than in 2018. However, the cryptocurrency bull run last year resulted in 125 obituaries for the digital asset. In 2018, most of the top cryptocurrencies lost more than 80 percent of their values since hitting all-time highs last year in December. The last death call of 2018 was a post written by Seeking Alpha author Anthony Garcia titled “Bitcoin: the decline is fundamental, unsolvable, and the end of BTC.” In the post Garcia states:

Bitcoin is literally worth nothing — Bitcoin has no chance of success because it’s worthless. It has nothing backing it but an illusion; no gold or silver or even a decree that it’s legal tender. It has no intrinsic value and no one needs it.

2017 and 2018 Had the Most Bitcoin Deaths per Year

Before that article, Santa Clara University Professor of Finance Atulya Sarin’s opinion piece on the financial publication Market Watch said that bitcoin is “close to becoming worthless.” Sarin explained in his 1,049-word document that the digital asset was the victim of the infamous “death spiral.” This past October the notorious Nouriel Roubini, otherwise known as Dr. Doom, sparked controversy when he said that “bitcoin represents the ‘mother of all bubbles.’” Roubini, a professor of economics at the New York University Stern School of Business, called digital currency advocates “crypto scoundrels.” The professor emphasized that the bubble is “clear” enough to see and “blockchain technology is nothing better than a glorified spreadsheet or database.”

Bitcoin Obituaries Records 90 'Deaths' in 2018
Nouriel Roubini’s post got crypto advocates all upset on Twitter in October.

It’s safe to say that as long as financial pundits like Jamie Dimon and Warren Buffet’s opinions are still catching headlines then Bitcoin will continue to die in 2019. To these bigwigs and many others, Bitcoin is a gimmick, and yet some of them like “blockchain technology” as long as it is centralized. One interesting phenomenon is the fact that even though bitcoin has grown immensely in value since 2010, it has died increasingly year after year. Bitcoin ‘died’ the most consecutive times throughout 2017 and 2018 with close to ¾ of the deaths during those years. Otherwise, 2015 was a distant third with 39 total bitcoin deaths. Bitcoin’s oldest published obituary according to 99 Bitcoins was written in 2010, which claimed the asset could never be a currency. When bitcoins were worth $0.23, the Underground Economist author stated at the time:

Either it will remain a novelty forever or it will transition from novelty status to dead faster than you can blink.

What do you think about bitcoin dying 90 times this year? Why do you think the cryptocurrency has had so many obituaries over the last two years? Let us know what you think about this subject in the comments section below.

Images Shutterstock, 99 Bitcoins, and Pixabay.

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Japan’s GMO Quits Manufacturing and Selling Mining Machines

Japan's GMO Quits Manufacturing and Selling Mining Machines

Japanese internet giant GMO has announced that it will no longer develop, manufacture, and sell cryptocurrency mining machines. The company will, however, continue to mine in-house but will relocate its mining center to a region with cleaner and less expensive energy.

Also read: Indian Supreme Court Moves Crypto Hearing, Community Calls for Positive Regulations

Exiting the Mining Equipment Business

Japan’s GMO Quits Manufacturing and Selling Mining MachinesGMO Internet Inc. announced on Tuesday following a board of directors meeting that it “will no longer develop, manufacture, and sell mining machines.” The company is posting an extraordinary loss of 24 billion yen (~$218 million) related to these activities for the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ending December 2018.

Japan’s GMO Quits Manufacturing and Selling Mining Machines“Regarding the current mining machine markets, the environment is increasingly competitive because of the decreased demand mainly due to the decline in the cryptocurrency price, the decline in the sales price, etc,” the announcement reads. After considering changes in the current crypto environment, GMO wrote:

The company expects that it is difficult to recover the cryptocurrency mining business-related assets through selling mining machines, so the company has decided to stop the development, manufacture, and sales of mining machines, thereby recording an extraordinary loss.

In addition, GMO noted that it has purchased mining machines and paid the costs required to manufacture its 7nm machines. With the decision to exit the manufacturing business, GMO revealed that it will transfer related assets held to MP18 Llc, a special purpose company of Tani Electronics Corporation.

Japan’s GMO Quits Manufacturing and Selling Mining Machines

GMO first announced the development of its 7nm bitcoin mining equipment in September last year. Miner B2, the first line of its mining equipment, went on sale in June for $1,999. Another line, Miner B3, went on sale in July for the same price. The first batch of B2s was supposed to be shipped at the end of October and B3s in November. However, to date, no mining machines of either type have been shipped.

In-House Mining

Japan’s GMO Quits Manufacturing and Selling Mining MachinesFor its in-house mining business, launched in December last year, GMO is posting an extraordinary loss of approximately 14 billion yen on an unconsolidated basis (11.5 billion yen on a consolidated basis) for the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ending December 2018.

The company explained that the profitability of its in-house mining business “decreased as the cryptocurrency price declined and our mining share did not increase as expected due to the rise of the global hash rate, which went beyond our initial assumption,” noting:

After taking into consideration changes in the current business environment, the Company expects that it is difficult to recover the carrying amounts of the in-house-mining-related business assets, and therefore, it has been decided to record an extraordinary loss.

GMO mined 696 BTC and 400 BCH in November. Its hashrate has been steadily growing as planned, its latest in-house mining report shows. “We will introduce the mining machine from other manufacturers to the in-house mining. Our plan is to see
our hash rate surpass 800 PH/s by the end of December,” the company said earlier this month.

In its Tuesday’s announcement, GMO noted that “Depreciation cost of mining machines and electricity cost comprise the majority of operating expenses,” elaborating:

In terms of the electricity cost, we will relocate the mining center to a region that will allow us to secure a cleaner and less expensive power supply.

What do you think of GMO exiting the business of manufacturing and selling mining machines? Let us know in the comments section below.

Images courtesy of Shutterstock and GMO Internet.

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Year in Review: 2018’s Top Cryptocurrency Stories

After an intense 2017, filled with cryptocurrency market spikes, the following year was loaded with letdowns as a great majority of digital assets plunged well over 80 percent in value since their all-time highs. 2018 was also filled with lots of headlines about digital currency regulations, exchange hacks, and postponed exchange-traded funds.

Also read: Feed 7 Different Species at the River Forest Farm’s ‘Bitcoin Cash Zoo’

2018 Saw Hundreds of Billions Shaved Off the Entire Cryptocurrency Market Cap

It’s safe to say that 2018 was the exact opposite of 2017 as far as the year-over-year cryptocurrency market price changes. On Dec. 31, 2017, the top ten market capitalizations and the prices of each coin were vastly different than today. The top five coins had considerably more fiat value at the time with bitcoin core (BTC) trading for $13,170 per coin, ripple (XRP) $2.12, ethereum (ETH) $721, bitcoin cash (BCH) $2,459, and cardano (ADA) $0.69.

Year in Review: 2018’s Top Cryptocurrency Stories

Throughout the entire year, all of the biggest coins by market valuation have lost more than three-quarters of their net worth since December 2017. The entire ecosystem’s market valuation saw an all-time high of more than half a trillion dollars and today that metric is just above $100 billion.   

Year in Review: 2018’s Top Cryptocurrency Stories

South Korean Regulation

Throughout most of January and February, talks of digital currency regulation began to heighten across the globe. These two months, in particular, saw a lot of regulatory discussions stemming from South Korea. Headlines deriving from Korean government officials were so frequent and very similar to the countless People’s Bank of China (PBOC) ‘ban’ announcements in the past. At the end of January 2018, for the first time ever a South Korean court ruled that bitcoin has economic value. Moreover, the country introduced a nationwide cryptocurrency account system, which banned the anonymous trading of digital assets in South Korea.

Year in Review: 2018’s Top Cryptocurrency Stories
After the country became a cryptocurrency hotbed in 2017, the first quarter of 2018 saw a lot of digital currency regulation in South Korea.

Compromised Exchanges

In addition to all the news about South Korea, the Japanese exchange Coincheck was compromised for $400-534 million USD worth of the cryptocurrency NEM, on Jan. 26. While digital asset proponents witnessed yet another historic exchange hack, the platform’s loss didn’t affect markets that much. Another hack took place this past April, when the Indian cryptocurrency exchange Coinsecure’s wallet was breached for $2.7 million worth of BTC. At the time, the company blamed it’s CSO Amitabh Saxena for playing a role in the incident. Last September, Indian law enforcement filed charges against a few suspects and explained that an insider had helped facilitate the crime.

Year in Review: 2018’s Top Cryptocurrency Stories
Coincheck and Coinsecure were the biggest exchange hacks of 2018.

Lots of ICOs Fail Miserably

Year in Review: 2018’s Top Cryptocurrency Stories2018’s Q1 saw the beginning of big initial coin offerings (ICOs) having lots of troubles with special agencies like the U.S. Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC). One of the first busts last year was when the Texas Department of Banking Commissioner issued a cease and desist order to an alleged ‘decentralized cryptocurrency-bank.’ The Bitshares-connected Arise Bank was one of the first of many ICOs that started having troubles with the law. In February, the cryptocurrency community had learned that 46 percent of 2017’s ICOs had already failed. All year long, there have been numerous crackdowns throughout the world specifically targeting ICO operations. U.S. regulators charged music producer DJ Khaled and the boxer Floyd Mayweather this past November for failing to disclose payments they took for ICO promotion.

Maduro’s Petro

Another interesting story this year was the introduction of the world’s first state-issued cryptocurrency in Venezuela. Well, no one’s really sure if the ‘petro’ works yet, but all year long Venezuela’s president Nicolás Maduro has touted the benefits of the ‘oil-backed’ token. This past November, the Ministry for Communication and Information enacted a new law which established the petro for commercial transactions inside the country. Further, just recently, Maduro raised the petro’s price from 3,600 to 9,000 bolivars. The entire world has been watching the Venezuelan people suffer from economic hardships, while Maduro and fellow associates toy around with a so-called ‘multi-asset backed’ cryptocurrency created in secrecy.

Year in Review: 2018’s Top Cryptocurrency Stories
Venezuela’s president Nicolás Maduro is pushing the first state-issued cryptocurrency called the Petro. 

Delayed Institutional Trading Products

Even though markets dumped all year long, cryptocurrencies did see a lot of institutional interest this year. Crypto-advocates will remember patiently waiting for a U.S.-based exchange-traded fund (ETF) approval once again in 2018. Back in July, the Chicago Board Options Exchange (Cboe) filed an application for a BTC-based ETF that will be tethered to the Vaneck Solidx Bitcoin Trust. The same month, the SEC postponed its decision concerning five bitcoin-related ETFs filed by NYSE Arca.

Year in Review: 2018’s Top Cryptocurrency Stories
US regulators postponed many ETF decisions in 2018.

This was the case throughout all of 2018, as Bitcoin ETFs were delayed all year long. U.S. regulators had also asked for public opinion concerning Cboe’s ETF filing and received an overwhelming response. On Dec. 6, the SEC delayed its decision again and explained it will decide on the fate of the Vaneck Solidx bitcoin ETF in February 2019. Moreover, bitcoiners have been waiting for the Bakkt bitcoin daily futures contracts offered by the Intercontinental Exchange, which was supposed to start trading this month, but the product was also delayed.     

Bitcoin Cash and the Tale of Two Forks

The Bitcoin Cash (BCH) network had an interesting year, to say the least, as it underwent two forks in 2018. The first fork in the spring was quite successful, resulting in a bunch of new features like re-enabled opcodes and a 32MB block size increase. Since the upgrade, BCH saw a huge influx of development, including many new applications like, Blockpress, Joystream, Marco Coino, Coinfundr, Akari, Telescope, Simple Ledger Protocol, Wormhole, and more. In the first week of September, the Bitcoin Cash network processed millions of transactions on a daily basis during a week-long ‘stress test.’

Year in Review: 2018’s Top Cryptocurrency Stories
Back in May, the BCH protocol upgraded successfully with new opcodes and a 32MB block size increase. However, in November the scheduled fork on the 15th became contentious and led to a blockchain split.

On Sept. 1, BCH miners confirmed 2,060,041 transactions (tx) in 24 hours and statistics showed that the BCH chain had processed 85,835 tx per hour, and 23.8 tx per second.

However, after the stress tests, the planned hard fork for Nov. 15 became contentious and the fork resulted in a blockchain split. After gaining the most proof-of-work and a majority of the infrastructure support, the Bitcoin ABC side of the fork was rewarded with the “BCH” ticker, and the other network’s ticker is listed as “BSV” across global exchanges. The BCH community is steadily moving on from the split, and the decentralized cryptocurrency saw a 140 percent increase in value over the last week.

In 2019 the Crypto-Landscape Is Sure to Be Interesting

Most crypto-markets have done much better during the end of this December, and many enthusiasts are curious about what next year will bring. Of course, most cryptocurrency supporters believe the long haul will pay off in the end, and there will always be some hurdles along the way. There was a whole lot of other interesting events in 2018 and 2019 is sure to be just as intriguing. One thing is for certain, no matter what year it is — There’s never a dull day in Bitcoin-land.

What do you think about 2018 and cryptocurrencies this year? Let us know what you think about this subject in the comments section below.

Images via Shutterstock, Pixabay, and Steemit.

Need to calculate your bitcoin holdings? Check our tools section.  

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Private Blockchains Have Few Applications, Study Finds

Private Blockchains Have Few Applications, Study Finds

Despite all efforts, so far businesses haven’t been able to come up with significant applications for private, centralized blockchains as opposed to public distributed ledgers, a new study shows. According to the authors, in most cases corporate blockchain networks are used mainly for database verification and transactions auditing.

Also read: Poll Shows 13% of Russians Use Cryptocurrency for Online Purchases

Public Ledgers Are Universal and Disruptive

The research is part of a report on the development of the crypto sector produced by the Center for Financial Innovation and Cashless Economy at the Moscow School of Management “Skolkovo.” It has been conducted in response to the “growing number of infrastructure proposals, on one hand, and the increasing uncertainty regarding the technological integration and the level of development of distributed ledgers, on the other.”

Private Blockchains Have Few Applications, Study Finds

According to the study, in order to make a leap in its development, the crypto industry has to develop different kinds of distributed ledger applications. At present, there are 24 types of private blockchains, the report details. A few examples of “consortium blockchains” exist, such as joint projects between companies with similar activities, and the rest are private blockchains used mainly as support networks that are controlled by their creators.

The authors claim there are currently around 50 “unique” fields of implementation of the private distributed ledgers but all of them fit in just three categories: trustless solutions, business logic automation and database verification, Bitnovosti reported. At the same time, there are 21 primary distributed ledgers, and the majority of them, 14 out of 21, are “public, uncontrolled, universal and disruptive.” The researchers further explain:

This version of a distributed ledger is most similar to the Internet. It does not have a shutdown button and can be adapted to almost any need.

Private Blockchains Are Niche Products

Private Blockchains Have Few Applications, Study Finds“Consortium blockchains,” on the other hand, are far fewer in number, the Skolkovo researchers note. Most of them have been developed to automate business logic between different companies. There are only three such projects that have gained recognition and popularity, the institute points out. According to the study, these are Corda, Hyperledger and Symbiont.

The report also emphasizes that these systems usually represent niche products. The Moscow School of Management also concludes:

The key value of private ledgers has not been defined yet. It most often comes down to the possibility of creating nodes to review and audit transactions.

The Center for Financial Innovation and Cashless Economy has also identified the most urgent tasks facing the blockchain industry. According to the researchers, these have to do with solving issues related to network management, ensuring data security and confidentiality, addressing scalability challenges and matching the speed of development of public blockchains.

What is your opinion on the findings in the report? Share your thoughts on the subject in the comments section below.

Images courtesy of Shutterstock.

At there’s a bunch of free helpful services. For instance, have you seen our Tools page? You can even lookup the exchange rate for a transaction in the past. Or calculate the value of your current holdings. Or create a paper wallet. And much more.

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#267 Nadav Hollander: Dharma — A protocol for tokenized debt

Lending is one core pillar of the economy, enabling one person or company to be entrepreneurial with someone else’s capital. However, in the traditional banking system processes in lending are often opaque and the barrier to entry into this market is high. The emergence of easy to use Decentralized Finance is one of the hallmarks of 2018: To date, DeFi has brought us crypto-collateralized stable coins, decentralized exchanges, tokenized credit default swaps, trustless derivatives, and decentralized margin lending.

We’re joined Nadav Hollander, co-founder and president of Dharma. Dharma is a decentralized protocol for credit products which connects debtors with creditors through a transparent mechanism. The protocol itself is agnostic towards the collateral and terms used, however, the team recently introduced a crypto-collateralized margin lending application running on top of the Dharma protocol, Dharma Lever.

Topics discussed in this episode:

  • Nadav’s background and how he became interested in both blockchain technology and debt
  • The vision behind distributed lending
  • The mechanics of the Dharma protocol
  • The role of underwriters in the Dharma protocol
  • Dharma lever, an application for margin lending on the Dharma protocol
  • Dharma’s business model
  • The future of decentralized finance

Links mentioned in this episode:


  • Azure: Deploy enterprise-ready consortium blockchain networks that scale in just a few clicks

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Epicenter is hosted by Brian Fabian Crain, Sƒbastien Couture, Meher Roy & Sunny Aggarwal.

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